FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an automated, it should come as no surprise that your creditworthiness comes down to a single number.
This score is built by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans etcetera.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to calculate a credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- Payment History - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is a single number: your FICO score. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most people who want to get a mortgage these days have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my credit score?
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You should appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Know your FICO
In order to raise your FICO score, you must get the credit reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO score, sells FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Call us: (303) 931-7879.