Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Because we live in a computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your creditworthiness comes down to one number.
The FICO score is built by credit agencies. These agencies use the payment history of all of your loans: mortgages, car/motorcycle/boat loans, credit cards, etcetera.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to calculate your credit score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly from one agency to another. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers likely find their FICO scores falling above 620.
FICO makes a difference in interest rates
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your FICO score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
Before you can improve your score, you must obtain your score and be sure that the reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO score, sells credit scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and very inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Call us: (303) 931-7879.