Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to just one number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit agencies. They use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans and others.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to calculate your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most people getting a mortgage loan in the current environment score 620 or above.
Credit scores make a difference in interest rates
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my FICO score?
Is there any way to improve your credit score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You should, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Know your FICO score
Before you can improve your FICO score, you have to get your score and make sure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you improve your credit score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Call us at (303) 931-7879.