You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Because we live in a computer-driven world, you're probably not surprised to hear that your creditworthiness boils down to a single number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit agencies. These agencies use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans etcetera.
All three credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors to build your credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you carry? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is one number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Your credit score affects your interest rate
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my FICO score?
Is there any way to raise your credit score? Since the score is based on your lifelong credit history, it's hard to change it quickly. You should appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Getting your credit score
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must get your score and make certain that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the first FICO credit score, offers credit scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us: (303) 931-7879.