Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
The FICO score is created by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans etcetera.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to build your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on which formula the agency uses. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly from one agency to another. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers likely find their scores falling above 620.
FICO makes a big difference in interest rates
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the FICO score is built on your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you must have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
In order to improve your credit score, you've got to get the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the original FICO credit score, offers credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that help you improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and very inexpensive.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Give us a call at (303) 931-7879.